wtorek, 2 marca 2010

How to Proofread a Biography

By: Jane Sumerset

We all know what a biography means. Have you ever done writing a biography? Or maybe, you are assigned to write at least one of it. If you find it difficult, then here are some tips. Writing a biography should always stick with the real information about a person’s life. It may sound like a diary to you but writing the series of events and personal details about a person can be a little bit tricky. But still you ought to right one.

Your main action about it is to dig for more information. You can search over the internet, read any reference materials that are related to the subject and you might even ask someone who can give you specific or significant information and who know everything about your subject’s life.

Gather all relevant information. Then arrange them according to the sequence of time a certain event took place in the subject’s life. It should always start from its birth information, family backgrounds, grown up years and accomplishments in life, other significant details like the person’s contribution to its community, love life or marriage and how it plays a very important role when the subject is still alive and mark the history with its interesting actions or activities.

The subject’s information about his past life can be a basic thing that you’re readers might already know, you can write it in an interesting and intriguing manner in order to bring life with the biography that you had written. It will also serve as to please your audience about the facts that they might haven’t heard yet about your subject. After the long process of writing this biography, what you need is to proofread it before submitting your final draft

Proofreading a biography? It’s not all that different from proofing and editing regular pieces, with a few choice details thrown in. Whether it’s your own work or someone else’s here’s a quick rundown of the things you’ll need to do to make sure it gets into tip top shape.

Verify Facts. If you’ve read many biographies, you would know how prone they are to twisted facts. That’s why we recommend proofreaders to look at more than one source to verify if the facts listed in a particular piece are accurate. This is a crucial step and often separates well written biographies from haphazardly produced ones.

Add Details. If the biography feels a little lacking, add details to places, periods and supporting characters. Use materials like atlases, almanacs and newspapers to find information you can include to help add color to the piece.

Check For Objectivity. A biography needs to be objective, leaving out the writer’s personal feelings and telling the subject’s story based on facts. Make sure this is followed throughout the piece and mark those areas where it spills over into a less than accurate portrayal. Anything in the material that refers to the first person is usually suspect.

Do Your Usual Proofreading Steps. Like regular pieces, you’ll need to check the biography for adherence to standard writing and grammar rules. As always, we recommend using a goodEnglish writing software for this to both speed up the process and sift through it ruthlessly.

Author Resource:-> See how innovative English Writing Software instantly can boost your writing skills and watch how NLP technology can help you to write perfect emails, letters, essays or reports. Visit: http://www.englishsoftware.org

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Edit As You Read, Not As You Write

By: Jane Sumerset

Editing your text while you write is perfectly possible. However, being able to do one thing doesn’t mean it’s what you should be doing.

When you write, it’s always best to let the words just flow. Judging what you put down on paper as it happens leaves you second guessing your work. Not only does it break your flow, it wastes a lot of time doing something best accomplished much later on during the process.

It is really an advantage in your part as a writer if words just suddenly came out on your mind and certain ides are forming while you keep on writing. That’s because you don’t have to waste your time thinking about the possible words and ideas that you needed in elaborating your topic.

When there’s a major idea that keeps on flowing right in your head about your topic, then you are on the right way to manage your own writings in a creative way where the concept is totally unique unlike copying someone’s work.

If that happens, what you need is to write it all down. Don’t bother if you had committed a lot of grammatical or spelling errors. You need to catch up with how your mind thinks ‘cause if won’t do it, you’ll find it hard to start your writing your contents later on.

But when you are done writing with your first draft, then you can get rid of those grammatical errors and spellings. Furnish your writings even more and start editing your piece. Yes, this is the time where you need to edit your work. Every writer must have to undergo the editing process.

This is where they make their writings looked well. Proofreading and rewriting is also part of this process.

Then you can organize your ideas well and format you writings in order for your readers to understand what your topic is all about. Here are guides for you to do to get a clearer vision about the writing task:

The Writing Phase

During the writing phase, your job is to write. Whether you do it from an outline or from a clear idea in your head, the goal is to take those concepts and put it into words that other people can read and understand.

What about clarity? What about good grammar? What about active sentences? While those are important, they are best taken care of after you have the first draft done. The faster you write that first draft, the sooner you can work on “decorating” the piece.

Editing Phase

In the editing phase, you read through the text and decide which errors to fix, which parts to dress up and which sections to leave out altogether. The goal is to fashion your writing into a form that will be palatable to your readers, with the intent of helping them to understand your message.

Would you ever use a writing software while you’re in the middle of creating your second paragraph? Of course, not. The common sense logic behind that is the same reason why you’d want to reserve editing after the initial pieces is written.

Author Resource:-> See how innovative Writing Software instantly can boost your writing skills and watch how NLP technology can help you to write perfect emails, letters, essays or reports. Visit: http://www.englishsoftware.org

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

How To Add Emphasis To Your Statements

By: Jane Sumerset

Some portions of your writing will need to be given more emphasis than others. Does writing with emphasis that important? But why? It’s pretty much obvious that writing with emphasis in your statements gives you readers a clearer point of what you are trying to convey a message towards your audiences.
If you don’t want to confuse your readers about what you are going to say for them, then write clearly, legibly and most of all, write with emphasis.

It’s up to you to decide which ideas, in particular, those things need to be. Using specific words and phrases, along with proper placement, can do a lot to help you put an accent on the main ideas that you want to pursue. As long as it is a complete thought with a clearer vision of the action. Do you know how to write that way? You don’t need to burn out your midnight candles, it’s just so easy. All you have to do is to have an open communication towards your readers. Write as if you are talking to them openly and for them to understand your piece

Tell them. The simplest way to make sure your readers pay closer attention is to tell them. Using words and phrases like “especially,” “actually,” “in particular,” and “above all” immediately makes the point that the succeeding statement needs to be given more weight. There are still a lot of words that will help you to approach your reader’s interest about the topic. Just use it in the right way.

Repeat key words. If you want the reader to pay particular attention to something, then include it in your sentences repeatedly but not always as it will only bore your readers while reading your text. Just repeat those important words in a unique and different sentences or thought. Where it is enough for them to familiarize and understand the subject more.

Reading about it several times over sends a clear message: you need to remember this word. Do note that employing this technique poorly can lead to text that’s a pain to read, using the same word over and over. You’ll need to strike a balance somewhere. Use your writing software – it can help clue you in if you cross the line.

Breaking a pattern. If you establish a pattern during a sequence of texts (e.g. positive characteristics of a product) and suddenly break it (e.g. bust out a negative trait out of nowhere), the varying part will be given more emphasis, as the initial dissonance forces the reader to pay attention.

Put it in the end. Good writers usually put the main clause after the subordinate clause for a reason. Putting it in the end ensures that it receives the most emphasis. Same holds true for conclusions, the end of paragraphs and other similar points in the material.

Lastly, review your work over and over so that you will be able to determine whether there are thoughts that you need to add or omit. Chances are, you can even spot any grammatical and spelling errors.

Author Resource:-> See how innovative Writing Software instantly can boost your writing skills and watch how NLP technology can help you to write perfect emails, letters, essays or reports. Visit: http://www.englishsoftware.org

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Choosing Newsworthy Subjects To Write About

By: Jane Sumerset

Do you still read the newspaper nowadays? Although modern technologies take the spot in our generation today, reading a newspaper is still the best way to keep updated always with the current local or international news.

What’s the secret? It’s just that writers in every publication do have the potential in writing fresh topics effectively and efficiently. Ever wondered how newspapers choose which current events to write about? It can get confusing sometimes, especially for those who are not involved with such publications directly.

Ever dreamed to be a write in any publications? As long as you’ve got the determination, you can be. The only thing that you need to focus your attention to is how to make your story or publication a click to your reader’s eyes.

It’s true that it can be risky for some reason, however, you’ll have to follow some rules that are very important in publication writing.

If you write in any professional (even semi professional) capacity, you will likely end up in a project, at least once or twice, where you’ll have to write about news stories. Whether it be something as informal as an upstart blog, as simple as company newsletter or as high profile as a glossy national magazine, recognizing news items worthy of seeing print could play a part in your on the job duties.

Being flexible in any of these tasks is what a writer like you must have. There’s no need to rush things since you can still learn something new base on your writing experience and your knowledge of how to write contents effectively.

Different publications use their own criteria for deciding which items should be published. It is better to be aware of these stuffs for you to keep on going. Generally, though, the following items are ones you want to consider:

Relevance. Generally, relevance plays a great role even in any forms of writing. Is the story relevant to your audience? A story regarding a business that’s marginally related to your own is probably of no interest to your office newsletter’s readers, but ones about a client could prove intriguing.

Timeliness. Is it recent? Timing is crucial to news. If it’s old, there’s a good chance your readers have already heard of it. Just like your audience, look for more recent events that you wanted to share with them.

Complexity. This one’s tough, but it’s true. The more complex a news story, the less likely people will read it. You know why you use a writing software to clarify your work, right? Because the less muddled it reads, the less troublesome it is to digest. Folks like simple explanations, so give priority to stories that can easily be understood.

Unexpectedness. If it’s unexpected, it’s likely news. An unlikely sporting event winner, a sudden typhoon and an 8 year old art protégé are all newsworthy because no one sees them coming. So you’ve got to scoop for unexpected events to make your story a fresher one.

Schedules. Events and activities that are scheduled typically become newsworthy the closer they draw near.

Author Resource:-> See how innovative Writing Software instantly can boost your writing skills and watch how NLP technology can help you to write perfect emails, letters, essays or reports. Visit: http://www.englishsoftware.org

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

How To Write Technical Materials For Your Audience

By: Jane Sumerset

Writing for an audience sucks. Why does it have to be that way? That’s because you’ll always have to put their reaction to your material as a first consideration. Besides, who is going to read your piece? Don’t tell me you are writing just for yourself only? There are so many styles in writing and the main reason why it has to be that way is for their audience.

It can be of any form like a letter whether it is an informal or business letter, publications like books, magazines or news story, reviews, research papers, projects, proposals, classified ads, speech and a lot more.

All of these are addressed towards your audiences. It can be your teacher, your boss, you classmate and the whole crowd who happens to read your work. Writing involves influencing the public’s minds, sharing valued information, critics or argumentations, human interest and so on.

Of course, if you never consider your readers, there’s likely very few people willing to stick around to read what you write. Even worse, those that do will likely finish your piece largely unaffected. Your readers serve to be an inspiration in your part in order to write nicely and worth reading articles for them to love it.

What you need to do as a writer is to enhance yourself in writing well organized contents whatever writing task was assigned to you. Just don’t tend to get worried because there are a lot of ways and techniques to write effectively for your audience. These writing guides might help you to develop your writing skills more:

A Short Leash

Have you ever seen technical manuals dripping with style and flavor? While panache does have its place, I usually read through those pieces and groan. I never read a technical material to be wowed by the author’s talents. Usually, I go through these types of documents in order to learn something about a product or a process. While amusing, I find all the extra words a huge waste of my time.

In truth, you need to keep yourself on a short leash when you write technical materials. Keep your focus on what matters and avoid venturing into decorative territory. Make sure to use your English writing software to check for possible transgressions.


If you truly want to write for your audience, your technical materials must be written clearly. A regular reader like me should be able to look at it and not end up intimidated by the words. I should be able to go to the section I need and not be distracted by items that do not serve to give me what I’m searching for.

Technical Terms

Don’t be afraid to use technical terms. This is particularly true if your anticipated audience don’t consist of absolute dolts who are ignorant about the subject. As a writer, you should be able to ascertain which “jargon” can be used and which ones are best simplified. This helps make the piece more succinct and, ultimately, more useful.

Author Resource:-> See how innovative English Writing Software instantly can boost your writing skills and watch how NLP technology can help you to write perfect emails, letters, essays or reports. Visit: http://www.englishsoftware.org

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Writing Free Travel Articles – Who Are You?

By: Julietta Henderson

When you’re in the business of writing, presuming you’re good, there are many places you can showcase your work. Many directories (like ezine.com) which offer free travel articles accept submissions from writers who can demonstrate a competency in writing and a good, readable style. But what exactly is style and is any one writing style better than another? In terms of free travel articles spreading across the internet (and this is after all why we write them), research shows that there’s a place for virtually every style; funny, controversial, informative, celebrity based and even ghostly angles all seem to spread equally well.

So just who are these writers, toiling in their attics over hot computers to produce free travel articles?

The Painstaking Researcher

This writer is the one who produces beautifully researched, factual and informative articles leaving no stone unturned. Their writing will go into the minutiae of the weather, the attractions and every possible aspect of a particular travel destination. No matter that they are writing free travel articles, this scribe will pay attention to even the finest details. These articles spread well because of their comprehensive content, and will often be picked up by other travel related sites or tour operators.

The Frustrated Stand Up Comedian

A writer who produces articles with a humorous slant has the advantage of being able to entertain the reader as well as inform them. You may think writing free travel articles would not leave much scope for knock knock jokes, but the clever writer knows how to weave humour into even the most staid holiday destination. Wouldn’t you be tempted to read ‘Packing for a Nudist Holiday’, ‘Going Abroad with a Broad’, or ‘How to Have Fun at the Beach with a Broken Leg’? You get the picture – it may not be side splittingly funny, but you’ll get a bit of light relief from this writer’s articles.

The Star Struck Celebrity Hound

Do you know where Paris Hilton spent her summer or where Barrack Obama took his family skiing last year? This writer does. And whether the talk of celebrities makes you want to sit up and take notice, or it takes you on a one way trip to yawn city, the fact is that these free travel articles spread. It seems the cult of celebrity is alive and well and this writer will pounce on any snippet of a destination’s brush with fame and capitalise on it in an article. Celebrity endorsements can make or break a holiday location, and writing about the ‘wheres’ and ‘whys’ of the ‘who’s who’ can pay dividends for our celebrity spy.

The Imaginative Traveller

If you look deep enough there’s a skeleton in every closet and a ghost around every corner; and this writer knows it! They love finding the unusual in the every day and will conjure up stories of hauntings, legends and mysteries for every free travel article they write. Who knew there was an underground ghost in Ganzhou, or a wicked witch of West Wyoming? The writer obsessed with tales from the ‘other side’ can find an eerie angle for any destination in the world and, for those who dare, it just makes the prospect of their haunted holiday all the more fun!

Author Resource:-> Julietta Henderson is a regular contributor to article directories, and specialises in writing free travel articles (http://www.freetravelarticledirectory.co.uk) relating to travel and holiday destinations.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

FTAD – Finding Ideas For Free Travel Articles

By: Julietta Henderson

As you sit down at your computer to write free travel articles, does your heart ever sink at the thought of having to find yet another 600 words worth of things to write about for the same place? Sometimes it might seem as though there’s only so many things that you can say about one holiday destination. So where do you get enough ideas from to keep writing?

Personal Experience

What better resource to draw from when writing free travel articles, than your own personal experience. There’s no better way to write enthusiastically, than to write about somewhere you’ve visited before, or perhaps even somewhere you’ve had the trip of a lifetime. Not only can you be sure of your suggestions and your advice, but you can handpick those suggestions from a medley of memories. But be sure not to get too nostalgic, or you’ll be on the next plane back there yourself! There’s no denying that the easiest destinations to write about are the ones that you’ve been to yourself.

Other People’s Experience

In the same way that your most informed writing will come from your own travels, so will other peoples. That is why there are so many thousands of blogs out there, written either on or after a holiday, that are simply bursting with information. It’s true, sometimes these blogs just tell stories such as ‘we got up and went to the beach.’ However, many of them will go into much greater detail, telling you exactly which Italian restaurant served the best pasta they’ve ever eaten, which area of the beach was the most deserted, or which cove to snorkel in order to see the most exciting sea life. These are exactly the kinds of ideas you need when writing free travel articles, so be sure to include some blogs in your research.

The Expert’s Experience

Who better to tell you about a holiday destination, than the people who want to take you there? The websites of travel companies can be a fantastic place to find ideas for free travel articles. Though they can only inform you of the accommodation or holidays that they themselves offer, they may include itineraries or activities that provide perfect subject matter for your writing. So long as you keep in mind that these people are trying to sell you a destination rather than provide you with information you can use to write about it, there are plenty of ideas to be found on their websites.

The Slightly More Objective Expert’s Experience

Personal experience and word of mouth are great tools to use when coming up with ideas for free travel articles, but nobody could ever tell you as much about a holiday destination as the tourist board themselves. Experts on their own locations, these are the people with the real knowledge. Providing information on everything from accommodation, transport, and activities, to maps, inoculation advice and weather forecasts, this really is the best place to find out the facts and get some ideas.

So, next time you sit down to write, remember that ideas for free travel articles can come from a variety of sources. The more you use, the more ideas you have and the more detailed the information in your article can be.

Author Resource:-> Julietta Henderson is a regular contributor to article directories, and specialises in writing free travel articles (http://www.freetravelarticledirectory.co.uk/) relating to travel and holiday destinations.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Tips For Writing a Term Paper and Making it Stand Out

By: Jason Creation

As soon as you’re old enough to go to high school you’ll be required to write term papers and if you go onto college you’ll be still be writing these same papers.

There is nothing scary about writing research papers, so long as you have an idea of what you need to do to write one. So as long as you fully understand what your teacher or professor is asking for, a term paper will be fairly easy to write. If you don’t understand what is expected of you, then ask, it’s much better to feel a bit silly for asking the question than to fail the paper because you weren’t sure what was needed.

Once you know what you’re supposed to be doing, it will be a lot easier to get on with your paper. The first thing you will need to do is to visit the school or college library to find the books that will help you to write your paper. Whether you are writing an English paper or a history paper you will need information, besides your class notes to do it properly. You won’t need to read all the material you get because you’re reading just for information.

You should have some idea of what you want, as you can then search through the index of the book to find the pages or chapters that are relevant to what you’re going to write about. If you know what you’re looking for, it’s much easier to decide how you’re going to use the material; you should be jotting down some things that might go into your paper while you’re your reading. When you take notes this way, it will give you the basic information you need for your paper.

Once you have written down your basic ideas you should then look through the points you have made and number them in order of importance. By now you should have some idea of how you’re going to argue your case in the paper. Most term papers have a logical argument that’s contained within the body of the paper, i.e. where you give most of the answer to the question by considering different argument;s some that you might agree with and some that you may disagree with.

When you have the basis of your term paper written down, you need to think about an introduction. Most people who start with an introduction often find that it needs rewriting afterwords, so it won’t hurt to leave this until after you have structured your argument and said what you want to say. The introduction should lay out the question and give some idea of how you plan to answer that question.

Now that you have the main part of your argument and also an introduction to the paper, the next thing that you will need to write on, is a conclusion or end to your paper. A conclusion should sum up what you have said in the body of the paper and then round things off neatly.

Author Resource:-> Jason Creation - If you want to improve your term paper to the fullest, but only expect the best, then come and check us out at http://www.essaytown.com.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Structuring a Scientific Research Paper Correctly

By: Jason Creation

Most scientific research papers or reports follow a particular structure which makes them very different from an ordinary essay. Whether you are studying the physical sciences, psychology, or positivist sociology, you will be required to use the correct format each time that you write.

Most reports are accounts of an experiment that has been carried out either in the physical sciences or psychology, and positivist or quantitative sociology reports also take the same format. In most of these reports the writer started out with a hypothesis that the experiment or research either proved or disproved.

Although reports in some forms of sociology (a soft science) and in hard or physical science are written in the same format, most scientists do not regard sociology as scientific in any way whereas certain sociologists do.

In sociology what is meant by being scientific is that you are scientific in your approach to the work and that you state what took place without any bias on the part of the researcher. Nowadays however, it’s more difficult for scientists to use this as a weapon because of the view that all knowledge is affected by the person or persons that produce it.

Most research papers are written with an introduction and then a hypothesis where the person states what they believed to be the case at the outset of the experiment or research. The hypothesis is turned into a question, for example, why do some students do better in school and college than others. There’s usually a review of any literature in the area in a sociological paper and to a lesser extent in a scientific paper.

Research has both a theoretical and a practical component and you will be expected to write about both in your report. The report then details how the experiment took place i.e., what was done and what were the conditions under which something was done.

In sociology this part of the report is about sampling for the survey and about how the questionnaire was devised, what questions were asked and what precautions were taken to ensure that the results would be trustworthy. In survey research the questionnaire is often referred to as the research instrument because it’s the means by which the researcher has obtained their data; just as a scientist may use test tubes in a laboratory to undertake an experiment in chemistry.

Once a report has detailed the experiment or the research that was undertaken, the findings from the experiment or research is written down. There will be a discussion of what was found and in sociology an interpretation as to what the data might mean in terms of the hypothesis and question that was posed in the beginning.

The principal idea behind a research report is that the methods and data should be reported in such a way that if another person was to undertake the experiment or research in exactly the same way, they would come up with the same results. This is the main reason that sociologists will call their research reports scientific.

A report should finish with a suggestion for further research in that area.

Author Resource:-> Jason Creation - Want to know more about the writing of a research paper or any other papers, then come and visit us at http://www.essaytown.com for an awesome experience.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Have You Ever Heard of a Custom Essay

By: Jason Creation

If you find a particular subject very difficult or if you have not had the time to do sufficient research for one of your assignments, you might want to think about getting a custom essay.

A custom term paper or essay is a paper where someone else does the research on your subject and writes it out for you. Although such papers are only meant to be used as a guide for writing the paper in your own words, many students are tempted to get a custom essay and hand it in to their professor as if it were their own work. The problem with this is that when you do this, it’s regarded by the educational establishment as plagiarism or cheating and this is a serious offense in an academic institution.

It’s unfortunate that today’s students often have many roles as a student, parent and worker and to try and combine everything is highly impossible. The good thing about custom essays is that the time consuming research has been done for you, but you should still write the paper in your own words using the research that you didn’t have time for.

You should pay attention to the research contained in a custom essay because it is material that you should be familiar with. If you don’t make a point of learning what is in the paper, then your professors will assume that you have a certain level of knowledge on a particular subject when, actually, you don’t.

There is another problem with some custom essay sites, which are, they resell papers over and over again, which means that unless you rewrite it in your own words, you could be handing in exactly the same essay as someone else.

Most genuine custom essay sites ask students to sign a form stating that the paper will be used for research purposes only and if it’s found that a student has handed in the work as their own, they will be barred from the site. The problem here is that unless a complaint is made to the custom essay site, the site owners have no way of knowing whether or not the student has passed off the custom essay as their own.

One of the things that students miss if they decide to hand in a custom essay as their own, is that their professor might already be familiar with their particular writing style and will question any work that deviates too far from what they expect.

People are divided on the issue of custom essays, while some may believe that it’s ok to use a custom paper as a research resource, other people believe that students should not use custom essays under any circumstances. It’s all very well for people to take such a view and certainly some writers will not write any custom papers.

Students really do need to learn to do their own research and to write their own essays if they don’t want to end up without any answers when it comes to exam time. If you feel that you have no other option other than to use a custom paper, then at least rewrite it in your own words and try to digest the research material it contains.

Author Resource:-> Jason Creation - To find out the best ways to get a custom essay, you need to check us out here: http://www.essaytown.com.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Need Some Ideas For Your Term Papers

By: Jason Creation

If you have ever worried about term papers and what they should contain then this should give you a general idea of how to deal with one. No matter what academic level you’re at, there will come a time when you will need to write a term paper.

A term paper helps your instructor to see what you know about a subject and whether you know what is being taught to you in your classes. To be brief, your educators make an assessment of your progress through things like term papers. Providing you attend to what is being said and you do any set work, you shouldn’t find a term paper too hard to write.

The most important thing in producing a good term paper is research. Generally speaking the work you need to do for a paper will be an extension of whatever you have been studying in class sessions. Whatever sort of term paper you’re asked to write, it will usually be based around the key text that you have used in class, whether it’s English or a history class.

If you’re not too clear on what the question is asking you, ask your teacher or professor to explain it further. Understanding the question is a crucial part of giving a satisfactory answer in your term paper.

If you’ve been studying a novel, you may be asked to give your views on one of the characters and on how they may have developed during the course of the story. Knowing what you’re being asked makes it easier to find the right kind of information for your term paper.

If you have been studying a novel or a set of poems, at some point in your term paper you may need to quote directly from the text to back up what you are writing. Depending on what level you’re at in your course of studies you may also be required to find out what other writers may have said about a particular text and to incorporate that into your argument.

It’s always a good idea to write the first draft of your paper without editing, that way you get something down on paper and it’s a lot easier to shape it afterwards and develop your argument. A lot of people say that once they have a paper written and shaped they rewrite the original introduction.

The most important part of the paper is the middle because that is where your real argument is made, however, if you don’t make the introduction both interesting and pertinent to what follows, you could lose your reader. You should also try to develop a well rounded conclusion to your argument as readers feel cheated if a piece of writing does not have a satisfying conclusion.

In the concluding paragraph of a term paper you should restate what you set out to do and how you feel that you answered the question so that you can take a certain position, i.e. if you were writing about Hemingway, then would you feel sorry for, Captain Ahab or the whale?

Author Resource:-> Jason Creation - If you want to improve your term paper to the fullest, but only expect the best, then come and check us out at http://www.essaytown.com.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Need Some Ideas For Your Dissertation Writing

By: Jason Creation

Dissertations vary enormously from student to student and so it’s not always easy to give direct tips on how one should be written. How an extended piece of work should be written also varies and will depend on both personal choice and on any rules that your school or college may have.

Dissertations are usually written at a postgraduate level and it’s an extended piece of writing on a subject that the student chooses. Most are the result of a lot of research, at least some of it is book and paper based and often part of the result of empirical research.

When you write a dissertation, you’ll be expected to be familiar with all the latest written material in your area whether it’s in the form of books or journal articles. No two dissertations are the same and how and what you write is very much a matter of both personal choice and academic advice; most cases there is no set format.

If you take a taught masters or PhD course, there may be certain things that the student has to adhere to. Individual colleges may have certain rules concerning font type, line spacing and referencing system, but little else. Other colleges may say that a dissertation should be in a certain order, e.g. introduction, literature review, research methods, findings from the data, discussion and analysis and a conclusion.

The kind of format just mentioned is one that may be used by sociology departments and by most humanities faculties, while a purely scientific report might be structured differently.

Sometimes the student does certain pieces of writing as advised by their professor or supervisor who may also recommend that they be submitted for peer review and publication in an academic journal. Usually, most students will not publish journal articles until they have finished their research and their dissertation is in print; at least in the college library.

If you are undertaking PhD research you should be writing up your literature review as you go, as it’s all too easy to lose track of various references and end up with a last minute rush at getting things together. What is certain, is that in all dissertations there are certain types of information that have to be within.

Whether your research is empirical and involves speaking to people or undertaking a postal survey, or whether it’s literature based and involves documentary research, you will need to give a concise of account of your research methods and how you went about gathering different types of evidence. Depending on what referencing system you use you may be required to set up footnotes or end notes in the dissertation.

Referencing systems do differ widely, for example, the Chicago referencing system is very different to the Harvard system which in most cases does not use foot notes and never uses end notes. Examiners will make a big deal of both your literature review in terms of the value of your sources and of your references and bibliographic systems, so make sure they adhere to the rules of your school or college.

Author Resource:-> Jason Creation - For all your dissertation projects and writing come and visit us at http://www.essaytown.com and we will be more than happy to help.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

Authors. What About Your Web Site?

By: Jim Magwood

Many people you hear from these days will loudly and stridently say You Must Have A Web site if you want to promote and sell your books. And, to a degree this is true. But there is so much more to the concept than just running out to spend $400 or so to have someone design a professional site for you. Here are some thoughts on the subject.

  1. Why a Web site? What value is there in having one?

Part of the answer is the question of where else are you going to be able to display and market your work? Has your publisher spent some thousands of dollars putting your book out with all the reviewers, newspapers, billboards and so on? Have you been able to have Reader’s Digest put an ad in their magazine that millions will see? How else will you get the exposure you need? Remember the three biggest words in the publishing industry: Exposure, exposure, exposure.

Think of places you’ve seen Grisham or Patterson’s latest novels. Will yours be displayed in someplace roughly equal to theirs? If not, again, where will you get the exposure?

  1. Where else can you get exposure?

There are many Web sites out there which will enable you to place your book cover and perhaps a short synopsis with them so people will see you and the book. With some of them you can get some amount of free exposure. Others can be a few dollars for a few months placement. Are you there? Are you trying to be there? Again, if not, where will you get the exposure? One site you should check that will give you 24/7/365 exposure at a price anyone can afford is The Author’s Inn.

In order for you to sell any books at all, people somehow must see you and your book. Simple as that. Even James Patterson, the most prolific writer of our age, still has to let people know he has a new book out before they know to go looking for it.

So, the answer for most of us newbie writers who haven’t yet acquired a Patterson following is that we have to create our own exposure – thus the need for our own Web site. But, before you jump in to invest time and/or money in putting one together, here are a few ideas and caveats.

  1. What are you doing?

Sounds like a dumb question given the title of this article, but really, what are you trying to do? And the answer to that is to get exposure for YOU and YOUR BOOK. This Web site is NOT the place to have pictures of all your children, the new puppy or your vacation. It is not the place to combine your book marketing efforts with your side business of pottery manufacturing or business consulting. The ONLY things that should be in this Web site are YOU and YOUR BOOK. Anything in the site that distracts from those two things should not be there.

  1. Speaking of distractions.

What is the topic of your book? Mystery, romance, historical fiction, biography? Perhaps if you have a children’s nursery rhyme book you can have pictures of nice little animals in the site and so on. But, if your book is one of the heavier topics, NO dancing bunnies, humorous sidelights, mouse click overs that display messages that have nothing to do with your book, no links to other places that will take people’s attention or presence away from your topic. YOU and YOUR BOOK, that’s all. Get rid of the distractions. If people click out of your site for any reason, the greatest chance is that they will not come back. Your job is to get them TO your site and then to KEEP them there.

  1. What is in your site?

Do you have a really well written, short biography and book synopsis? Long is not necessarily better. Everything that happened in your life is not necessarily exciting to readers. An entire chapter of your book (on the front page of your site) will not necessarily hold people’s attention. It is a proven fact: Too many words will have people skipping over them and perhaps just clicking out of your site. So what do you need?

First: Very well written, very well proofed, and very well thought out exciting and influencing language that will keep people reading. Read it yourself, over and over OUT LOUD (our ears hear much differently than our eyes see.) If it doesn’t excite you and make you want more, it needs to be re written. Maybe you need to have a friend read it for you (yes, they will still be a friend afterward) and give you an honest critique.

Second: Are your pictures, both yours personally and your book cover, professionally done, or at least excellent quality digital camera shots?

Is your biography picture well poised? Is your hair combed? Do you have decent quality clothes on? Is the background a good one? Again, is the quality GOOD?

What about your book cover? Is it the best it can be? I have several novels in front of me. Some have the author’s name and the book title well centered, in a font that is large and easily readable, and basically a very light and bright color on a contrasting background (so it easily stands out.) Others are the opposite: flowery, exotic type that is hard to read, colors that blend into the background and therefore can’t be read easily, or too small. Remember, if people are browsing the bookstore or an Internet store, they will quickly pass by a book they can’t easily read, especially if it’s the spine of the book in a bookstore.

No matter what your book editor or graphic artist says, it is YOUR book and if you don’t feel it is projecting what you want to say to the public, get it changed.

This has just been a cursory beginning for all the information under the topic, but it is a start. Before you start building your own Web site, go to the sites of several of your favorite authors, writers in your own genre especially, and see what their sites look like. Look for the things noted above and anything and everything else in the site that looks good, or not. Look at the ideas presented, what they lead to and what they present. Colors, font styles and sizes, types of pictures and so on. Then COPY the site. No, I don’t mean that exactly. But, will your site look as good as theirs, even on a limited budget? Will your site set out the message about YOU and YOUR BOOK as well as theirs does? Be sure it does. It might be your only chance people have to see your message.

If you would like to see an article on the whole subject of writing and publishing a novel, check out “So You’ve Written a Book. Now What?” by Jim Magwood. You can find it at the site, The Author’s Inn.

Author Resource:-> Jim Magwood is the author of the international mystery novel, SANCTION. Visit him and SANCTION at his website, http://www.JimMagwood.com. Jim is also the webmaster of the site, The Author’s Inn, dedicated to showcasing author’s works. Visit The Author's Inn at http://www.the-authors-inn.com.

Article From ActiveAuthors.com

How to Spur Your Readers Into Action

By: Jane Sumerset

In any sales situation, the closer is always the most crucial part. This is very true with sales letters, in particular, as all the work you’ve put in preparing the prospect for the pitch will be put to waste if you fail to spur them into action.

Remember, once the reader closes the website or puts down the letter, there is little chance they’ll read through it again (no matter how well your writing software helped you shape it).

Thus, it will be very hard in your part to let your readers know the message you wanted to convey to them and how to acquire more readers who will patronize your own work. So what are you going to do? How are you going to get their attention back?

As such, you want to spur them into action before they get the opportunity to either change their minds, develop more questions or forget about the pitch altogether. Any heat that your sales letter generates will likely cool down if you let that happen.

Then, you need to do something that will change the way you approach your readers or viewers. Give them something that will let them remember more about your website or what your letter is saying. Here are guides for you to follow:

Give Them A Clear Action To Take. Should the reader call a number now, set up an appointment within the next 15 minutes or enter their email to get the free report? Whatever the action you want them to take, make it clear and easy to follow. You do this by stating it in no uncertain terms, clad in big, bold letters. Grab their attention politely and intriguingly.

Stick To One; Two At Most. If you offer five different paths of action for the reader, guess what will happen? They’ll usually end up spending the next couple of hours trying to decide what to do. That’s why you only leave them with one action (or two at most) – it keeps things simple.

Make The Action Easy. The easier the action, the more likely you’ll get the sale. As you will never know who your readers are. They can be any person with different taste and outlooks in life. Make sure you communicate this same ease with the way you word the instruction. Saying “Call up the marketing department and look for either Miranda, Jason or Chris” is way more complicated than “Call us now and speak with one of our marketing reps.”

Give It An Expiration Date. You have to give them a specific time and date for the action, whenever possible. Telling them to send a text message in the next five hours makes the matter more pressing than not giving any time limit.

Give Them A Reason To Act Immediately. Why must I buy now when I can buy tomorrow? Give the reader an incentive to perform the action immediately. Not only does it encourage them to act sooner, but it ends your pitch on a service oriented note.

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Article From ActiveAuthors.com